Even Italian institutions have started to waive fees for scholarly publications.
One library makes it clear on their website:
The following categories of publications are exempt from the payment of rights: books printed in less than 2,000 copies AND with a price below euro 77,47; scholarly journals.
There are very few institutions in the United States that have created standards such as this. It might be worth considering for many that have collections of largely public domain objects—anything ancient, medieval, renaissance or up to the early 20th century. Unfortunately, it has become common for institutions to sell their images and claim rights to the images themselves. For more on this, see my previous blog posts on the Bridgeman Case and what it means for image copyright in the US.
In light of all of this, I was impressed by this library. My only question is why €77,47?