Historic Real Estate Market Morality and the Politics of Preservation in the Early United States

Whitney Martinko

In Historic Real Estate, Whitney Martinko shows how Americans in the fledgling United States pointed to evidence of the past in the world around them and debated whether, and how, to preserve historic structures as permanent features of the new nation's landscape. From Indigenous mounds in the Ohio Valley to Independence Hall in Philadelphia; from Benjamin Franklin's childhood home in Boston to St. Philip's Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina; from Dutch colonial manors of the Hudson Valley to Henry Clay's Kentucky estate, early advocates of preservation strove not only to place boundaries on competitive real estate markets but also to determine what should not be for sale, how consumers should behave, and how certain types of labor should be valued.

Before historic preservation existed as we know it today, many Americans articulated eclectic and sometimes contradictory definitions of architectural preservation to work out practical strategies for defining the relationship between public good and private profit. In arguing for the preservation of houses of worship and Indigenous earthworks, for example, some invoked the "public interest" of their stewards to strengthen corporate control of these collective spaces. Meanwhile, businessmen and political partisans adopted preservation of commercial sites to create opportunities for, and limits on, individual profit in a growing marketplace of goods. And owners of old houses and ancestral estates developed methods of preservation to reconcile competing demands for the seclusion of, and access to, American homes to shape the ways that capitalism affected family economies. In these ways, individuals harnessed preservation to garner political, economic, and social profit from the performance of public service.

Ultimately, Martinko argues, by portraying the problems of the real estate market as social rather than economic, advocates of preservation affirmed a capitalist system of land development by promising to make it moral.



  • $39.95 cloth, 9780812252095
  • $39.95 ebook
  • 328 pages
  • 42 illus., 11 in color, 7 x 10 in.

about the author

Whitney Martinko

Whitney Martinko is an assistant professor of history at Villanova University in Philadelphia, where she teaches courses about the history of the early American republic, environmental history, global urban history, and material culture methods. She has held long-term residential fellowships at the American Antiquarian Society, McNeil Center for Early American Studies, and the National Museum of American History as well as research fellowships at Winterthur, the Huntington Library, the Phillips Library at the Peabody-Essex Museum, and a variety of state historical societies. She received her B.A. in history from Harvard and her M.A. and Ph.D. in history from the University of Virginia.

Whitney recently joined the editorial team at the Journal of the Early Republic as a co-book review editor. She is currently at work on a new book project entitled The Corporate Origins of Cultural Property. Another long-term, collaborative research project centers on studying and interpreting the lives of workers at The Woodlands of Philadelphia during the lifetime of William Hamilton (1743-1813).